- Plural of industry
- For other uses of this term, see Industry (disambiguation)
Proto-industryEarly industries involved manufacturing goods for trade, including weapons, clothing, pottery. In medieval Europe, industry became dominated by the guilds in cities and towns, who mutual support for the member's interests, and maintained standards of workmanship and ethical conduct.
Industrial developmentThe industrial revolution led to the development of factories for large-scale production, with consequent changes in society. Originally the factories were steam-powered, but later transitioned to electricity once an electrical grid was developed. The mechanized assembly line was introduced to assemble parts in a repeatable fashion, with individual workers performing specific steps during the process. This led to significant increases in efficiency, lowering the cost of the end process. Later automation was increasingly used to replace human operators. This process has accelerated with the development of the computer and the robot.
Declining industriesHistorically certain manufacturing industries have gone into a decline due to various economic factors, including the development of replacement technology or the loss of competitive advantage. An example of the former is the decline in carriage manufacturing when the automobile was mass-produced.
A recent trend has been the migration of prosperous, industrialized nations toward a post-industrial society. This is manifested by an increase in the service sector at the expense of manufacturing, and the development of an information-based economy, the so-called informational revolution. In a post-industrial society, manufacturing is relocated to more economically-favorable locations through a process of offshoring.
Industrial technologyThere are several branches of technology and engineering specialised for industrial application. This includes mathematical models, patented inventions and craft skills. See automation, industrial architecture, industrial design, industrial process, industrial arts and industrial applicability.
Industry and society
An industrial society can be defined in many ways. Today, industry is an important part of most societies and nations. A government must have some kind of industrial policy, regulating industrial placement, industrial pollution, financing and industrial labor.
Industrial laborIn an industrial society, industry employs a major part of the population. The labor movement first rose among industrial workers.
See also industrial sociology, industrial and organizational psychology, industrial district, industrial park.''
Industry and warThe industrial revolution changed warfare, with mass-produced weaponry and supplies, machine-powered transportation, mobilization, the total war concept and weapons of mass destruction. Early instances of industrial warfare were the Crimean War and the American Civil War, but its full potential showed during the world wars. See also military-industrial complex, arms industry, military industry and modern warfare.
Organization, management and economics
Economic views of industryPhilosophers and economists have developed many different views of industry. See physiocrats, Adam Smith, capitalism, Marxism and Colin Clark's Sector model.
Industry sectors and classificationThere are many other different kinds of industries, and they are usually divided into different classes or sectors. The primary sector of industry is agriculture, mining and raw material extraction. The secondary sector of industry is manufacturing - which is what is colloquially meant by the word "industry". The tertiary sector of industry is service production. Sometimes one talks about a quaternary sector of industry, consisting of intellectual services such as R&D.
- light industry - heavy industry
- labor-intensive industry - capital-intensive industry
- By product: chemical industry, petroleum industry, meatpacking industry, hospitality industry, food industry, fish industry, software industry, paper industry, entertainment industry, semiconductor industry, cultural industry, poverty industry
ISIC(rev.4) stands for International Standard Industrial Classification of ALL economic activities, the most complete and systematic industrial classification made by United Nations Statistics Division. ISIC Rev.4 is a standard classification of economic activities arranged so that entities can be classified according to the activity they carry out. The categories of ISIC at the most detailed level (classes) are delineated according to what is, in most countries, the customary combination of activities described in statistical units and considers the relative importance of the activities included in these classes. While ISIC Rev.4 continues to use criteria such as input, output and use of the products produced, more emphasis has been given to the character of the production process in defining and delineating ISIC classes. classifications of industry. Industries can also be heavy or light.
Industry Center by Yahoo!Finance is also very useful (shows Trends of all industrial sectors).
industries in Arabic: صناعة
industries in Aragonese: Industria
industries in Azerbaijani: Sənaye
industries in Bengali: শিল্প কারখানা
industries in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Прамысловасьць
industries in Breton: Greanterezh
industries in Bulgarian: Промишленост
industries in Catalan: Indústria
industries in Chuvash: Промăçлăх
industries in Czech: Průmysl
industries in Welsh: Diwydiant
industries in Danish: Industri
industries in German: Industrie
industries in Estonian: Tööstus
industries in Spanish: Industria
industries in Esperanto: Industrio
industries in Basque: Industria
industries in Persian: صنعت
industries in French: Industrie
industries in Friulian: Industrie
industries in Galician: Industria
industries in Korean: 산업
industries in Croatian: Industrija
industries in Indonesian: Industri
industries in Icelandic: Iðnaður
industries in Italian: Industria
industries in Hebrew: תעשייה
industries in Kashubian: Industrëjô
industries in Haitian: Endistri
industries in Lao: ອຸດສາຫະກຳ
industries in Luxembourgish: Industrie
industries in Lithuanian: Pramonė
industries in Limburgan: Industrie
industries in Hungarian: Ipar
industries in Macedonian: Индустрија
industries in Mazanderani: صنعت
industries in Malay (macrolanguage): Industri
industries in Dutch: Industrie
industries in Nepali: उद्योग
industries in Japanese: 産業
industries in Norwegian: Industri
industries in Norwegian Nynorsk: Industri
industries in Novial: Industrie
industries in Occitan (post 1500): Indústria
industries in Low German: Industrie
industries in Polish: Przemysł (ekonomia)
industries in Portuguese: Indústria
industries in Kölsch: Industrie
industries in Romanian: Industrie
industries in Russian: Промышленность
industries in Albanian: Industria
industries in Sicilian: Nnustria
industries in Simple English: Industry
industries in Slovak: Priemysel
industries in Slovenian: Industrija
industries in Serbian: Индустрија
industries in Serbo-Croatian: Industrija
industries in Finnish: Teollisuus
industries in Swedish: Industri
industries in Tamil: தொழிற்துறை
industries in Thai: อุตสาหกรรม
industries in Vietnamese: Công nghiệp
industries in Turkish: Endüstri
industries in Ukrainian: Промисловість
industries in Venetian: Endustria
industries in Waray (Philippines): Industriya
industries in Yiddish: אינדוסטריע
industries in Dimli: Endustriye
industries in Samogitian: Indostrėjė
industries in Chinese: 产业